An Ontological Account of Linguistics: Extending SUMO with GOLD

This paper details a General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD), an effort to establish a common domain model for linguistics. GOLD extends the SUMO upper model and is inspired by data from a broad cross section of human languages. These two virtues of GOLD act to minimize language bias in the model. GOLD makes a clear distinction between grammar and semantics and, furthermore, clarifies the connection between linguistic and world knowledge. A detailed summary of GOLD is presented which includes the motivation for the conceptual model along with an explanation of the major entities and relations.