Morphosyntactic Property ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MorphosyntacticProperty


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property

Direct SubConcepts:

CaseProperty  ModalityProperty  VoiceProperty  ForceProperty  GenderProperty  EvidentialityProperty  SizeProperty  NumberProperty  PersonProperty  PolarityProperty  EvaluativeProperty  



Definition:

MorphosyntacticFeature is the class of linguistic features that govern the grammatical behavior of morphosyntactic units. E.g., two morphosyntactic units can agree according to shared morphosyntactic features. Morphosyntactic features are also called grammatical categories. This class is intended to represent only the formal aspects of morphosyntax; that is, there is no notional component. In a grammatical system, such features occur in contrast to one another other, and are typically expressed in the same fashion. [Crystal 1985: 43-44; Hopper, P. 1992: 81; Bybee 1985: 191]


Usage Notes

Examples

PropertiesValuesDefinition

User Submitted Issues
Status: Pending Morphopragmatic Property
2010-12-16 12:52:49

In Basque:
When speaker and interlocutor are on a 2sg familiar basis, every verb takes a special 'allocutive' form. Where the base verb is intransitive, the allocutive form is the equivalent of a transitive verb form marking a 2sg familiar agent.

This seems to necessitate inclusion of a Morphopragmatic concept.

Status: Pending Active/Inactive Alignment - Justin Petro
2010-12-20 13:11:09

While GOLD has various concepts under CaseProperty with which one can map Nominative/Accusative or Ergative/Absolute alignments there are no GOLD concepts with which one can map languages with an Active/Inactive alignment system.

The encoding of active and inactive roles can either be marked by case-markers or by person-number agreement on the verb, meaning there would either have to be active/inactive concepts under both CaseProperty and PersonProperty, or it would have its own distinct group under MorphosyntacticProperty


References:
Haspelmath, Martin & Dryer, Matthew S. & Gil, David & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) (2008)