Human Language Variety ( Concept )

      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic System
                  |_ Human Language Variety

Direct SubConcepts:

AttestedVariety  DescribedVariety  ExtinctVariety  LivingVariety  NearlyExtinctVariety  SecondLanguageOnlyVariety  SignedLanguage  SpokenLanguage  UnattestedVariety  WrittenLanguage  


A term used in sociolinguistics and stylistics to refer to any system of linguistic expression whose use is governed by situational variables. In some cases, the situational distinctiveness of the language may be easily stated, as in many regional and occupational varieties; in other cases, as in studies of social class, the varieties are more difficult to define, involving the intersection of several variables. [Crystal 1997: 408]

Usage Notes


ancestor Variety Human Language Variety     ancestorVariety is the predicate expressing the basic diachronic relationship between a language variety that existed some time in the past and a variety existing at a later time such that the former has evolved into the latter through regular language change.
genetically Related Human Language Variety     geneticallyRelated is the basic kinship relation between languages varieties. If two language varieties are genetically related, then this implies that both varieties are derived from a common proto-language.
mutually Intelligible Human Language Variety     mutuallyIntelligible is the binary, symmetric relation holding between two language varieties such that speakers of the first variety can communicate with members of the second with relative ease, and vice versa.
parent Variety Human Language Variety     parentVariety is the relation of direct genetic relatedness, where there are no intermediate ancestors between the ancestor and descendant. For example, Old English is the parent variety of Middle English.

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