Focus Antipassive Voice ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FocusAntipassiveVoice


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Voice Property
                              |_ Focus Antipassive Voice


Definition:

Blocks the patient or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. Topic salience is available for assignment to various arguments, including the patient, but Focus salience is always assigned to agent, and is therefore inaccessible to the patient or any other nominal. [Klaiman 1991: 236] Dayley describes the focus antipassive as a rearranging voice whose primary function is to indicate that the agent of a transitive sentence is highlighted or in focus. The focus antipassive is used when the agent is in contrastive focus or highly emphatic, when the agent is questioned, and when the agent is relativized. [Dayley 1985: 348]


Usage Notes

Examples
Language Code: kek Example in K'ekchi
2009-06-04 13:28:07
lituminla?inx-in-q'eu-o-ca?cu-er-e
themoney.TOP1.FOCtense-3.SG.ABS-give-ANTIP-aspect2.SG.ABS-DAT.RN3.SG.ERG-DAT.RN
The money, I was the one who gave it to you.

References:
Klaiman (1991:236) from Berinstein (1985:236)

Language Code: tzj Example in Tzutujil
2010-07-09 13:46:07
Ininxinch’eyowijaraachi
IB1-hit-foctheman
‘I was the one who hit the man.’ (B1 = Absolutive 1st Person Singular)

References:
Dayley 1985: 349


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