Perfective Aspect ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/PerfectiveAspect


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosemantic Property
                        |_ Aspect Property
                              |_ Perfective Aspect


Definition:

A value of Aspect Property assigned to the designated element in the clause when the meaning selected for the clause is that which indicates that the event spoken about is to be viewed as a bounded whole, looked at from outside, without necessarily distinguishing any of its internal structure [Comrie 1976: 16ff].

Typically, for an aspect value to be labeled as Perfective, the aspectual meaning has to minimally express the perfective viewpoint, although it may additionally express other temporal, aspectual, or modal meanings, or actionality distinctions.


Usage Notes

Examples
Language Code: yap First person exclusive refers to the participants referred to but not the hearer.
2009-06-04 13:28:08
Kuguguy-eew
PRF1.EXCLsee-3.DUAL
We saw it.

References:
Siewierska (2003:142)

Language Code: ike Bybee, et al indicate that Inuit manifests a 2-way past distinction that makes no reference to daily cycles. The two subdivisions they reference are given in the second and third examples. The first example, with the affix glossed as PERF, illustrates a past that Fortescue claims is often understood as a general experiential past without any specified time. This might be analyzed as a Simple Past.
2009-06-04 13:28:08
Nuum-miis-sima-vunga
Nuuk-be.in-PFV-1.SG.INDIC
I have been to Nuuk.

References:
Bybee, Perkins, and Pagliuca (1994:99) FROM Fortescue (1984:272-3)

Language Code: eus NO_COMMENT
2009-06-04 13:28:08
ama-rentzateros-id-it-u-tlore-ak
mother-SG.BENbuy-PFV3.ABS-PRS-PL-AUX.2.1.SG.ERGflower-PL.ABS
I have bought some flowers for mother

References:
Saltarelli (1988:156)

Language Code: mrt NO_COMMENT
2009-06-04 13:28:08
totikDegelahota
hetheregone-PFVwas
he went there

References:
Bhat (1999:46) FROM Bernsten and Nimbkar (1982)


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