Case Property ( Concept )

      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Case Property

Direct SubConcepts:

AbessiveCase  AblativeCase  AbsolutiveCase  AccusativeCase  AdessiveCase  AllativeCase  AversiveCase  BenefactiveCase  ComitativeCase  ContablativeCase  ContallativeCase  ConterminativeCase  ContlativeCase  DativeCase  DelativeCase  ElativeCase  ErgativeCase  EssiveCase  GenitiveCase  IllativeCase  InablativeCase  InallativeCase  InessiveCase  InstrumentalCase  InterablativeCase  InterallativeCase  InteressiveCase  InterlativeCase  InterminativeCase  InterterminativeCase  IntertranslativeCase  IntranslativeCase  LativeCase  LocativeCase  MalefactiveCase  NominativeCase  ObliqueCase  PartitiveCase  PerlativeCase  PossessedCase  SubablativeCase  SuballativeCase  SubessiveCase  SublativeCase  SubterminativeCase  SubtranslativeCase  SuperablativeCase  SuperallativeCase  SuperessiveCase  SuperlativeCase  SuperterminativeCase  SupertranslativeCase  TerminativeCase  TranslativeCase  VocativeCase  


CaseProperty is the class of properties that concern the grammatical encoding of a noun's relationship (syntactic or semantic) to some other element in the sentence, such as a verb, noun, pronoun, or adposition [Pei and Gaynor 1954, 35; Crystal 1980, 53-54; Anderson 1985, 179-180; Andrews 1985, 7172; Kuno 1973, 45; Blake 2001].

See Also:
Surrey Morphology Group - Case

Usage Notes



User Submitted Issues
Status: Denied Distinguishing grammatical case from semantic case? - Christian Chiarcos
2010-03-29 14:18:01

The current definition of CaseProperty (with reference to seems to apply to both "grammatical case" (e.g., ErgativeCase) and "semantic case" (e.g., MalefactiveCase). Although this can be justified given the usage of "case" in the literature (e.g., the traditional, morphosyntactic concept of case vs. Fillmore's case roles 1966), this design decision conceals a difference that is crucial to modern annotation schemes used for the development of NLP tools. If GOLD is intended to be suitable for corpus linguists, computational linguists and NLP engineers, as well, this difference should be made explicit, e.g., by distinguishing GrammaticalCaseProperty from SemanticCaseProperty.

The suggested differentiation between grammatical case and "non-grammatical case" was previously implemented in the TDS Ontology (
In annotation schemes for inflectional languages, e.g., German, grammatical case is modelled as an aspect of morphology (e.g., Brants et al. 2005,, whereas semantic roles are modelled as an aspect of frame annotation (e.g., Burchard et al. 2006,