Anti Passive Voice ( Concept )

      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Voice Property
                              |_ Anti Passive Voice


Derives an intransitive verb from a transitive stem whereby the original agent (only) is cross-referrenced by the absolutive markers on the verb and the original patient, if it appears, is in an oblique phrase. [England 1983,110]

Usage Notes

Language Code: mam Example in Northern Mam
2009-06-04 13:28:06

ma Ø tzyuu- n cheep t- i?j ch'it
tense 3.SG.ABS grab- ANTIP José 3.SG.ERG- P.RN bird
José grabbed the bird.

In Northern Mam, the transitive subject takes on properties typical of the basic object. Since in an ergative language the same morphological behaviors accrue to transitive object (P) as to intransitive subject (A), one effect of antipassivization is to dissociate the transitive subject (A) from its usual case assignment, the ergative, and reassign it the absolutive.

Klaiman (1991:229) from England (1985:212)

Language Code: ckt Example from Chukchi
2010-07-08 17:01:03

a. ʔaaček-a kimitʔ-ən ne-nlʔetet-ən
youth-erg load-abs 3pl.subj-carry-aor.3sg.obj
'The young men carried away the/a load.' (trans)

b. ʔaaček-ət ine-nlʔetet-gʔe-t kimitʔ-e
youth-abs antip-carry-aor.3sg.subj-pl load-instr
'The young men carried away the/a load.' (anti)

[Kozinsky et al. 1988: 652]

In (1a), the transitive verb 'carry' agrees with the ergative subject and absolutive object. In (1b), the verb is marked with the antipassive prefix ine- and no longer agrees with the object; the object is now expressed by an oblique case (instrumental). [Polinsky 2008]

Kozinsky et al. 1988: 652; Polinsky 2008


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