Animate Gender ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AnimateGender


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Gender Property
                              |_ Animate Gender


Definition:

A grammatical gender property assigned to a class of nouns with animate denotation. In a given language it may include larger or smaller numbers of nouns which do not meet this semantic criterion. The animate gender may occur in a two-gender system, with the other gender being labelled inanimate. However, the animate gender may also occur in larger inventories (i.e. greater than two values). Examples of these larger systems are found in Bantu languages (where nouns denoting humans are included in the animate gender) and in languages of Daghestan (where the animate gender is typically for non-human animates) [Corbett 1991, 20-32].@en


Usage Notes
2009-06-04 13:28:06

Membership in the animate grammatical class is largely based on meaning, in that living things, including humans, animals, spirits, trees, and most plants may be included in the animate class of nouns. Languages differ to a certain extent in what is construed as animate/inanimate.
On terminology: In systems where humans are excluded from the animate gender by virtue of having human/feminine/masculine gender, it is possible to use the label 'animal gender' for animate gender.


Examples
Language Code: bla Blackfoot example of plural number and animate gender.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
nína-iksi
man-PL.ANIM
man

References:
Mithun (1999:99) FROM Frantz (1991:8-9)

Language Code: bla Blackfoot example of plural number and animate gender.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
nínaa-wa
man-SG.ANIM
man

References:
Mithun (1999:99) FROM Frantz (1991:8-9)

Language Code: tix In Southern Tiwa, the locative passive is an oblique locative nominal that assumes the subject relation.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
in-seuan-wan-ban(na)
1.SG/3.SG.ANIM-man-come-PST(I)
The man came to me

References:
Klaiman (1991:17) FROM Allen, Gardiner and Frantz (1984:304-5)


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